HYPOTHESIS: Hardiness decreases perceived stress and increases happiness in nurses.
METHODS: 252 nurses in Tehran, completed the Personal Views Survey, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Oxford Happiness Inventory.
RESULTS: Hardiness seemed to decrease perceived stress and increased happiness.
CONCLUSION: The hypothesis is confirmed. Hardiness decreases stress and increases happiness.
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2014 Mar 25;